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4 Cultural Relic Sites of Wenzhou Listed Under the State Protection
【Fonts: Large Medium Small 【Source: Wenzhou·China 【Date: 2019.10.22】

On October 16th, the Chinese Government Website ( issued the notice on the “Approval and Announcement of the Eighth Group of Key Cultural Relic Sites Under the State Protection”, on which four cultural relic sites in Wenzhou were listed. The four are Tantou Kiln Relics in Yongjia County, the Cliff Inscriptions in Longbi Cave in Yandang Mountain in Yueqing City, the former site of British Consulate in Lucheng District and the Alum Mine Relics in Fanshan Town, Cangnan County.

Tantou Kiln Relics is located in Tantou Village, Sanjiang Sub-district, Yongjia County. It was excavated in May 2017, covering an area of 950 square meters. Dragon Kiln, workshops relics and sacrificial relics, as well as a large number of high-quality celadon wares and various types of kiln furniture were discovered in the Kiln Relics.

The Cliff Inscriptions in Longbi Cave is in Lingyan Scenic Spot, Yandang Mountain, Yueqing City. They are distributed on the top of two cliffs, with the earliest inscription dating back to the tenth year of Zhengyuan period of the Tang Dynasty (794). Among the inscriptions of the Song Dynasty (960-1279), 7 were recorded with years and 13 were carved with years designated by Heavenly Stems and Earthly Branches or with autographs, the most valuable being the autograph of Shen Kuo (1031-1095). Among the cliff inscriptions, 1 was from the Song Dynasty, 23 from the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), and 9 from the Qing Dynasty(1636-1912). Besides, there are also 9 inscriptions on tablets. On a huge stone at the entrance of the cave, there are four engraved letters meant “A Picture from Heaven”, which were said to be the handwriting of Zhu Xi, a famous Neo Confucianism scholar in the Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279).

The former site of British Consulate is located in Jiangxin Islet in Lucheng District, Wenzhou. In 1876, the Sino-British Treaty of Yantai prescribed Wenzhou to be a trading port. In consequence, the British Consul arrived in Wenzhou in April of the following year, and built a three-story western style consulate in the twentieth year of Guangxu period in the Qing Dynasty (1894). The consulate was brick wood structure covering an area of 1309 square meters. It was 14 meters wide and 11 meters long, in the middle of which was a small hall with the main staircase. On each side of the hall, there were 6 rooms. The whole building had dry wall surface, arch-column facade and arch-shaped brick windows. In 1895, another two-story building was added to the consulate. Facing south, the newly-added building was 11 meter in width and 9 meters in length. Today, the former site of the consulate was “transformed” to an exhibition room of modern history of Wenzhou, displaying modern and contemporary historical materials of Wenzhou. It was on trial opening during the National Day this year.

Alum Mine Relics in Fanshan Town is in Fudewan Village, Fanshan Town, where the alum ores are concentrated. Fanshan Town has about 167 million tons of ore deposits in nearly 10 square kilometers, the most being potash alum followed by sodium alum. Known as the “Alum Capital”, Fanshan has the most reserves of alum in the world, selling its products to the whole place. Alum Mine Relics in Fanshan Town is located in the north slope of Jilong Mountain, covering an area of about 5000 square meters. It is composed of 5 calciners, 1 blast furnace for boiling water, production workshops and related sites. Dudewan Old Residential Area connected to the Alum Mine Relics is a residential area for mining operators and miners. Ritual ceremony will be held every year there to commemorate the ancestor of alum smelters (Master Chen) since his memorial tablet and statues are set in Shigong Temple there.

Fanshan is a production base of alum developed in the Ming Dynasty. Its Alum Mine Relics in Jilong Mountain, built in the late Qing Dynasty and the early Republic of China, is a rare mining production site witnessing the development of alum production and commerce.

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