Blessed with fertile soil, crisscrossing rivers and lakes, and abundant ocean resources, Wenzhou is known as a “land of fish and rice” among the regions south of the Yangtze River. It has paddy as its main grain crop and more than 160 kinds of commercial crops such as orange and tangerine, tea, loquat, red bayberry and sugarcane, etc.
It boasts over 370 species of fish (such as hairtail, yellow croaker, and eel) and over 430 varieties of shellfish. The tidal belt along the coast, with a total area of 65,000 hectares, breeds razor clams, sea clams, oysters, shrimps, crabs, hard clams and other kinds of marine life.
It has over 280 varieties of timber, including pine, China fir and oak. Its nonmetal mineral resources include alunite, granite and quartzite. The alunite reserves amount to 80 percent of the national total, winning Wenzhou the title of “the world alunite capital”, while its granite reserves rank highly in the country in terms of both quality and variety.
As one of the 25 major national harbors, Wenzhou Harbor is an excellent natural harbor with the merits of both river port and bay port.
Offshore continental shelf basin, to the east of Wenzhou, holds in store abundant oil and gas resources. Wuyanling Ridge, possessing a subtropical evergreen broad-leafed forest with primary-growth vegetation, is the green treasure-house of south Zhejiang Province.